SANA'A - Since it was founded in May 22, 1990, Yemen under the political leadership of His Excellency President Ali Abdullah Saleh
has tailored foreign policies to revive the pan-Arab alignment and create a unified stance among them especially in regards to their
definite political and economic issues.
The Yemeni policies take into account the dealing with the consecutive failures of the Arab League over more than 50 years.
Therefore, these policies propose solutions for overhauling the Arab League as the chief body in question of bringing the Arabs together around their common denominators.
Yemen had tailored an initiative that overhauls the Arab League and sets the medium of pursuing the common purposes. That initiative was made as a response to the calls of the Amman Summit in 2001 and the
Sharmal Shiekh Summit in 2004.
The initiative seeks to transform the current inter-Arab cooperation into an alignment under a larger umbrella of a European union-style
The initiative of Yemen should serve as the cornerstone for other pushes of reform by enlarging the circle of solidarity between the
Under the terms of the Yemeni initiative, the sovereignty and interior affairs of each Arab country should be respected, the practises of democracy and human rights should be encouraged and each country has the right to choose its ruling system. Disputes
should also be patched up in peaceful ways and the use of force should be rejected.
Each Arab state are also bound, under the initiative, to adhere to the UN charters and the bilateral agreements between themselves.
The Arab Union, in the Yemeni initiative, is a new body that supersedes the Arab League. The initiative offered the preparation
of a pan-Arab constitution that sets up a union to consist of different councils, a council for leaders of the Arab states, a
council of common security and defence, a council for foreign affairs, a council for economy and trade, and so on.
In question of the democratic awareness and involving the Arab citizens in political decision-making , the initiative suggests a
Nation Council and an Arab Justice Court of obligatory authorities.
It also sets up an Arab peacekeeping force to restrict the use of armed forces while resolving disputes between the members of the
union. TDepending on the peacekeeping forces, the Arab states will not allow the intrusion of foreign countries in such disputes.
What marks of the Yemeni initiative is probably that it calls for a mechanism to specify sanctions against any Arab state that violates the laws and the constitution of the proposed union or fails to comply with the resolutions of the UN Security Council, a poin that is not included in the charter of the Arab League.
Observers have reckoned Yemen's initiative as feasible and sober as it implies a sheer consideration of such experiences. It also
reflects the wisdom of the Yemeni foreign policy which has always been seeking to overhaul the Arab system.
The main object of the Arab Union will be the realization of an economic integration between the Arab states, through the acceleration of the framework of economic reforms and developing trade exchange, liberating the flow of capitals, movement of workers between the Arab states, setting up the common Arab Market, allowing private sectors to form partnerships, improving the people's
standards of livings and pushing for the common sustainable development.
In regards to the Iraqi affairs, the initiative guarantees the unity of the Iraqi territories, halts bloodshed, forms a national assembly of all national Iraqi forces to be in charge of running democratic elections.
The initiative calls for the formation of a three-party committee consisting of the United Nations, the Arab League and the coalition
forces including a member of the Iraqi Governing Council to lay a roadmap for the unity of the Iraqi territories. The initiative calls for the withdrawal of the foreign forces from the Iraqi territories and the dispatching of UN and Arab forces to normalize the political and security situations of Iraq and transferring sovereignty to the Iraqis themselves.
As for the situations in Palestine, the initiative calls for dispatching international forces to separate the Palestinians and
the Israelis on the sides of the 19967 borders. The initiative also rejects the US President George W. Bush's recent assurances to the Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon.
The initiative also rejects the policy of assassinations which Israel is carrying out the leaders of the Palestinian Islamic
Resistance Movement (Hamas), Fatah and all other Palestinian factions. It rebuffs the Israeli embargo on the Palestinian leader
Under the plan, Palestinian factions would unite, with Arab backing, and Israel would withdraw from occupied land in Syria and Lebanon under a calendar to be worked out in an Arab-Israeli agreement guaranteeing the rights of both parties.
Finally the initiative calls on the international community to halt the construction of Israeli settlements in Gaza and implement the UN Security Council
resolutions including resolution 465 of 1980 which confirmed the illegitimacy of settlements constructions.