[11/September/2005] By Abdul-Salam Al-Korary.
The Yemeni government has adopted the international bankís definition of the corruption as ( it is the abusing of the public authority for obtaining personal interests).
The government has made an extensive efforts for fighting the corruption because it is a tough challenge facing any country aiming to enhance the public trust and its internal and external administration credibility.
Thereby many practical steps and substantial measures have been adopted as the following :
1- The separation between the three constitutional authorities into judicial , legislative and executive .
The Executive authority divided into centralization and decentralization. 2- Ensuring judiciaryís independence and developing its capability , effectiveness and systematic efficiency.
3-Giving controlling corruption high priority in the government's blueprint that used to be submitted to the parliament for obtaining confidence .
4-Abolishment each policy begets an artificial gap between demand and supply as the disadvantages of such policy create rooms for the black market , brokers , brokerage and jobbery.
5-Eradicating the corruption sources through tackling the reasons which usually bring about corruption.
6-Reducing the bureaucratic procedures and decentralize the authority in addition to relying on competitive rules and simple procedures.
7-Enhancing the press freedom as a mechanism for exposing the corruption wherever it may occur.
There are some measures the government has taken in a bid to put corruption under control and there are several indicators signal to the ongoing efforts are being carried out in the course of corruptionís fighting. These signals as the following:
FIRST , annullment the government's mandates to meddle in the economical activities. This gave rise to repeal the monopoly mandate of granting the permissions and licensees of producing and marketing.
There are signs signal to the end of the above mentioned policy such as :
1- Invalidation the supply function as a task of the government for the first time in the government of April 2001.
Consequently, invalidating the administrative system that used to handle that issue , the ministry of trade and supply , for the time being it is integrated with the ministry of industry , to be the ministry of Trade and Industry.
2- Concealing the import restrictions that used to be a source of the corruption.
3- Liberalizing the trade and opening the market , consequently putting an end to the domestic monopolization centers that used to have strong influence on the top officials so as to protect their products.
4- Giving up the government subsidies that used to be extended to some commodities such as wheat , sugar and fuels because those subsidies were often one of the factors that caused corruption.
5- As a result of abrogatting the supply function and liberalizing the trade and opening the markets , restrictions on prices are lifted and what was known as administrative prices are concealed.
6- Putting an end to the multi-exchange rates of the dollar that were dominant ; as there were several rates of the US dollar according to the kind of the imported commodity. This measure helped preventing the jobbers ,who used to exploit that situation for their own benefits from going on that ill-practices.
SECOND , reviewing the Administrative policies and procedures.
1- Restructuring the Central Organization of Auditing and Controlling within a framework program of modernizing the civil service for furthering its sufficiency and energizing its monitoring effectiveness.
2- Reviewing the laws and procedures which are pertaining to the civil service for making them more applicable and tranquility.
3- The government currently undertakes a comprehensive review of the payroll salaries of the administrative system in a bid to ameliorate the wages as an imperative measure to eradicate one of the major reasons of the corruption.
4- Preparing the procedures simplifying system is underway for the time being in cooperation with the government of Holland and issuing the directory of the governmental services for the public and private sector to provide the service-seeker with the information about the needed procedures and to protect him from the brokers and jobbery.
5- Consolidating the institutional capabilities of the administrative system by substituting the manual procedures with modern technical ones , that is to say ď automatic zingĒ the humanitarian resources administrating.
For instance , about (16o.ooo) officers in the ministry of education whose their occupational situations were tackled automatically with respect to their promotion.
Thus , since 2002 the ministry of telecommunication and information technology has begun to announce and distribute the results of secondary schools via the Internet.
6- Adopting the competitive principle with regard to some civil services. For example , mechanical procedures have been used in applying the subjective criteria in the process of employment in the public sector.