Yemeni-Russian relations across the history
Translated by: Mahmoud Asssamiee
Sana'a, Feb. 24, (Saba)-Yemeni- Russian relations date back to more that 80 years. Yemen was the first Arab country to establish diplomatic relations with The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR). The two countries have maintained developing economic and trade relations between them during these long years.
On November, 1, 1928, The Mutakkilite Kingdom of Yemen and the USSR signed friendship and cooperation treaty named "Sana'a Treaty". The period of the treaty was ten years and renewable.
It was approved by Russian part in January 28, 1929 and by the Yemeni side in June 1929.The first item of this treaty stipulated that the USSR government recognizes of the absolute independence of Yemen. The treaty was renewed for the first time in 1939.
On November, 31, 1955, the Sana'a Treaty, which linked the two countries for the second time in Cairo city, has been renewed. The fourth item of this treaty stipulated on establishing diplomatic relations between the two countries. In March 1956 Yemen and the USSR signed a treaty in Cairo for trade and payments.
On April, 23 1956, the two countries agreed on exchanging diplomatic missions between them. Abdurrahman Abu Talib was appointed the first non-resident president to Yemen in Moscow. The USSR opened a commission for it in Taiz City.
On July, 11, 1956, Mohammad al-Badr, the son of the ruler Emam Ahmad, visited Russia and the visit resulted in starting cooperation between Yemen and the union in military field. In November of the same year, the first shipment of Soviet arms arrived in Yemen.
On June, 24 1962, the Russian embassy opened in Sana'a. On the first of October 1962, the USSR recognized the Republican System in Yemen and in November 1962, Colonel Ali Saif al-Khawlani was appointed the first ambassador to Yemen's revolution government in Moscow.
On December 27, 1962, two treaties for setting up a study for economic projects and using soil and ground waters between the two countries. In 1963, the Soviet government appointed the first ambassador to Yemen Arab Republic(YAR) in Sana'a.
In September 1963, Russians finished constructing Arrahaba International Airport. On March 21, 1964, President of YAR Abdullah Assalal paid the first visit to Moscow. The visit resulted in signing friendship treaty between the two countries in addition to conducting economic and military relations.
On December, 3, 1967, the USSR recognized the independence of the South of Yemen. In 1968, the diplomatic missions in Aden and Moscow have been opened. On December 1971, Judge Abdurrahman al-Iryani, the President of the Republican Council then, paid state visit to the Soviet Union. The visit resulted in joint communiqué affirmed on fruitful cooperation between the two countries in field of health, culture and qualifying Yemeni cadres.
On August, 15, 1972, the Soviet Union appointed Fasili Kornieve an ambassador to the country in Sana'a. In the same year Bajel Cement Factory had been constructed by Russian supply. In September 1979, the USSR Prime Minister visited Aden.
On October 25, 1979, Abdul-Fattah Ismael, the founder of the Socialist Party in the South of Yemen, paid a visit to Moscow during which he signed friendship and cooperation treaty lasted for 20 years.
In 1981, President Ali Abdullah paid the first visit to the Soviet Union. In this visit, the two countries signed the second friendship and cooperation in the republican age. In 1982 Yemen purchased the biggest Russian arms deal with the cost exceeded one US $ billion.
On October 19, President Ali Abdullah Saleh paid the second visit to Moscow. During the visit the friendship and cooperation treaty has been renewed for 20 years. On September 22 1990, Moscow welcomed announcing the Republic of Yemen.
On June, 15 1991, Eagor Eshikove was appointed an ambassador to Russian Federation Republic to the Republic of Yemen. On December, 3, 1991, the Republic of Yemen recognized the announcement of Russian Federation Republic on the aftermaths of the USSR, once the new republic announced.
On May 25 1995, Nicolay Grebakove was appointed an ambassador to Russian Federation in the Republic of Yemen.
On September, 7, 1997, Deputy Russian Foreign Minister visited Sana'a. The visited resulted in signing protocol for cooperation and consultation between the two countries' foreign ministries. The protocol lasted for two years.
In 1992, the two countries signed the technical and financial treaty between the General Corporation for Ports and Russian Techno-Export Company. The treaty aimed at establishing Assulif Port and deepening it to be able to receive ships carrying 50,000 tons. The treaty cost $ 38 million.
In November 1997, Russian dropped 80 percent Yemen's debts, estimated at $ 6, 7 billion, to the country in Paris Club. In 2000, Yemen and Russia signed in Moscow the treaty of balancing Yemen's debts to Russia.
On December, 16, 2002, President Ali Abdullah Saleh paid a visit to Moscow responding to invitation extended to him from President Vladimir Putin. The visit resulted in announcing the friendship and cooperation principles between the two countries. A treaty in cooperation in cultural, educational, sport and tourist fields was also signed.
On April 6 2004, President Ali Abdullah Saleh and President Vladimir Putin in Moscow held talk session for discussing mutual relations between the two countries and joint cooperation as well as exchanging viewpoints over regional and international developments of the common concern.
On November 20, 2004, the Yemeni-Russian talk session held in Sana'a for discussing mutual relations between the two countries. The two foreign ministers of two countries chaired the talks.
On December 14, 2005, President Ali Abdullah Saleh received Chairman of Russian Commerce Chambers Federation. The two parts discussed Yemeni-Russian relations and joint cooperation fields.
On November, 5, 2006, Parliament Speaker Sheikh Abdullah bin Hussein Al-Ahmar discussed with Chairman of Foreign Relations in Russian parliament mutual relations between the two countries.
On December, 24, 2006, the cooperation treaty between the ministry of health and Russian Zadove Export and Technoexport companies renewed by singing it in the Yemeni Ministry of Public Health and Population.
On July, 26, 2007, President Ali Abdullah Saleh received the General Manager of Russian Brown Export Corporation. The two parts discussed relations between Yemen and Russia and cooperation in military field.
On April, 30, 2008 the two foreign ministers of Yemen and Russia held talk session between the two countries. on May 28, 2008 a state talk session held between Yemeni Shoura Council and Russian Federation Council. The session was presided over by the two councils' chairmen.
On July,11, 2008, Minister of Defense Mohammad Ahmad and the accompanying delegation concluded a visit to Russia. The minister and the delegation held talks with Russian officials on enhancing cooperation between the two countries in field of military and fighting terror.
On October, 16, 2008 a state talk session held between Chairmen of Yemeni Shoura Council and Russian Federation Council.
On December, 23, 2008 Yemen and Russia signed in Sana'a the protocol approving the consulate treaty between the two countries.
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