SABA - Yemen news agency

Print date: 13-12-2017
Article link: http://www.sabanews.net/ar/news70170.htm
  About Yemen
Hadramout Sky scrappers & Architecture
[29/May/2004] \"Hadramout was separated from the Indian Ocean by series of mountains and wild barren plateaus. Its northern region drew near the desert land of
the Empty Quarter. \"Sky scrappers\" in Hadramout appeared to exist during the early many centuries before those of the \"West\"\".
They were found as resembling in their erection status as those engraved stony structures left by ancient Yemen\'s communities with their drawing inscriptions. The buildings, with floors one upon the other, were assembled
in the form of highly-elevated towers, with their numbers not less than today\'s New York scrappers. The difference was in the techniques of the
\"East\" embodied within the art of architecture and that of the \"West\"… While the concrete steel foundations have had applied to the construction
materials of sky scrappers of the West,The \"East\" communities of Hadramout Kept the same tradition of architectural styles since the time of their
ancestors with hardly any change. These consisted of a raw mixture of mud-bricks and loam, together with, chopped straw and timber lumps of trees were added for covering the roofs, and surfaces of the rooms, halls and staircases. In the case of elegant buildings, the stones were used.
The local citizens of Hadramout estimated the life time of Shebam\'s sky scrappers about 500 years old. It is enough to read the full descriptions
about these buildings from certain foreign traveler\'s books written in various languages.
In view of other scenery of Hadramout province, Al-Hamadani wrote:-
\"From an aerial view over the city and valley of Sayoun, the observer shall find a natural scenery of its multi-varied and distinguishable formation of cubic structures, which rise up so smoothly with their accelerating symbols, or indicators. The houses are closely placed with one another, though they may stand far or near each other, while the roofs from the bottom extend high up till the top portions when they diminish in size to form the shapes of balconies. Their building-plans were no different from the Exxom houses in Africa which were pictured in the Ottoman -Turkish Museum. The highly-elevated houses were usually known the residential
places of the rich communities. There were other low-structured house
for the poor residents of Sayoun locals, where the biggest portion of
each house in the basement floor was usually meant for pedestrian walking
of the family members, and with one or two, floors rising above.
The house\'s roofs were usually either flat, often penetrated by teeth-
threaded structures, or continuously in the form of stepping terraces.
In pure instinct, the isolated structures of towers, together with, the
occupied and barren houses of the poor people of Hadramout, provide us
with vivid inspiration related to those burial cemetries of \"Batra\" statutes.
Moreover, the Hadrami towers embracing the burial tombs had clearly preserved,
in respect of their external make-up, to the residential houses of its
citizens. In the Barhout Aboud village, for instance, one rectangularity-shaped
passage was found. It was built of rocky stones and loam, with the shape
a flat-formed pyramid. On its opposite-facing direction, there could had
been built one square-shaped tower, within a bending position of its upper
and side parts. It had been furnished by ceramic tiles and re-enforced
in its ceilings and corners by blocks of some metal-formed substance.
This tower reminds us of the front-entering doors of Exxom\'s temples of
ancient Ethiopia on one hand, and the buried cemeteries of ancient Batra
found today near Jordan.
One can see the process of Hadramout\'s tower-built houses from these
isolated towers through the views of their coherently-related shapes.
For instance, the rich citizens there had been adopted to the enlarging
pattern of the space areas of their dwellings, and respective to their
capabilities, or, family-size. Generally, they used to double-up the number
of the higher floors to such an extent as to look like very rigid and
huge- type dwelling that had very-thick walls ranging to one and half
meter.
The enclosures of the houses\' terraces were supported by huge pillars
made of individual posts that may be of 1,5*2,5 meters width. These were
structured in such a technical design that allowed them to form one access
to all the floors that constituted the middle area of the house itself.
Incidentally, this middle portion is locally known in Hadramout as \"Aroos\"
i.e. the \"bridegroom\" of the house.