SANA\'A, April 26 (Saba) - First Conference of the Association of Senates and Equivalent Councils in Africa and the Arab World held here Sunday afternoon its second session chaired by the chairman of the Conference and the Yemeni Senate Abdul Aziz Abdul Ghani.
At the session, the conference listened to two papers pertaining to bicameralism system and the role of civil community organizations and human rights in developing democracy.
First paper pointed out that two parliament councils, under bicameralism, form
a whole unit as to deal with judicial issues, and no one can perform alone.
The second paper evaluated the effect of democracy and human rights on the welfare of nations. It called for reviewing democracy, first in terms of the state-citizen relationship and, second in terms of the \"rights of the others.\"
The paper said that democracy in the Arab World and African is still in its \"infancy stage\" because the Arab countries are still developing.\"
The paper highlighted the need of ensuring that the democratic practice is not confined to the key cities and capital cities but unfolding throughout countries alongside economic reforms.
Yemen was cited as a pattern by the paper in terms of democratic march that emerged alongside socio-economic and political changes since the reunification of the country in 19990.
\"The adoption of democracy and pluralism is a broad horizon for the appearance of civil society organizations to support development and protection of human rights
The second paper suggested the conference to come out with an initiative regarding democracy and human rights and including series of commitments by the participated states to adopt and create the political reform process.
The participated states must adopt pioneer roles in supporting the encouraging initiatives to reform judicial system and projection the constitutional form upon the commitments by the new partnership to develop Arab World and Africa.
In addition to guarantee the commitment to the essential principles of the initiatives provided, the new partnership pledges the insurance of the main standards of democratic behavior and the political rule.
All that must be done through the civil and administrative services , enhancing the parliamentary control and making a decision depended on the partnership in addition to taking actual procedures to fight the disturber phenomena.
Many of speeches were delivered by the participants in the conference highly praised the efforts exerted to organize this conference, underlined the importance of the conference in enhancing the Arab-Afro partnership through reactivating of the Senates and equivalent councils in the Association\'s member states.
The conference agreed on demand presented by President of Jordanian Senate Zaid Al-Rafa\'i to adopt President Ali Abdullah Saleh\'s speech delivered in the conference as the main document of the conference\'s documents.
Moreover, the authorized committee by the conference to study project of the Association\'s bylaw held a meeting headed by deputy chairman of the Yemeni Shura council to discuss work paper related to the bicameralism and role of civil society organizations.
It discussed also some adaptations taken upon the Association\'s statute and demand the conference to make amendments on some articles of the draft rules of procedures for the Association of Senates and Equivalent Councils in Africa and the Arab World.
As for the two work papers addressing bicameralism and the role of NGOs in developing democracy, the committee in charge of discussing the papers is picking the most important proposals in these papers so as to outline in the last day of the conference, Monday.