By: Saqr al-Sunaidi
SANA'A, June, 1 (Saba)- Before the announcement of unity, the nationalist parties in south and north of Yemen did not recognize geographic division between the two parts of the country and did not believe in border separating one people.
The Secretary General of Nasserite Unionist Party Mohammad Mose'd al-Rada'i talks about the role of the nationalists who still have dreams in having united Arab nation.
Q: Every party has different philosophy in defining the minute in which the Yemeni Unity has become a necessity, from your opinion when was it?
A: When the Yemeni People's struggle completed and sacrifices were made for realizing it, and when it became a demand and an interest to all and when it became an aim to the Yemenis to end their differences between the two peoples.
Q: And when it was the threat of its survival?
A: When mismanagement took place it has reached to what is worse than tearing apart the society given dreams have not been realized and people felt this.
Q: Is there any change in unity, especially during youth revolution?
A: As we are today in new situation after people went to streets to restore their rights and unified their fronts on February 11, 2011, the National Dialogue Conference (NDC) came. The NDC resulted in outcomes and decisions they are in their ways to create new social era represented in constitution that comes to revolt against centralization and comes to realize the just distribution of power and wealth.
Q: People want guarantees from all parties for implementation these outcomes, who will provide these guarantees?
A: People are the guarantors of implementing these outcomes and aspirations.
Q: But the situation cannot help in realizing any achievements?
A: Comparing to what happened in other Arab countries witnessed spring; I believe Yemenis have been wise enough to have dialogue through which they realized the sole successful experiment in Arab countries witnessed spring uprisings.
Q: It has been agreed on the federal system, does not this contradict your satisfaction as a party calling for greater unity?
A: As a unionist I consider federation a retreat in unity but for protecting unity against social rupture affected by 1994 summer war and other financed clashes to divide the country with calls for separations, the federal system comes for unity protection and to restore people confidence . There are many issues have not yet solved as addressing them was important for preparations for dialogue and implementation of its outcomes, the 20 points (made before the start of the NDC) have not been settled and the country is facing new problems like terrorism and other activities for forces that plotted against the project of unity on October, 11 1977.
Q: Are there other guarantees?
A: I think the constitution and the solutions of the Southern Issue are the guarantees to unity and a guarantee to all Yemenis to build their modern civil state, the state of power sharing, democracy and civil society.
Q: You always talk about the role of the former President Ibrahim al-Hamdi to reach the country's unity, what are his efforts?
A: The Unity would be realized as a modern development project on October, 14 1977 if there was no international conspiracy under the differences of the two super powers that time. Al-Hamdi was assassinated after targeting the 13th of June movement on October 11, 1977. Two days after the assassination it was scheduled that President al-Hamdi to arrive Aden to announce the unity in the anniversary of the 14th of October Revolution. Short time later, the President of the South Salem Rubai'i Ali was targeted in June 26, 1987. By killing the former and executing the later, the project was totally targeted and the perpetrators were confirmed that the aspirations and dreams of the two leaders were eradicated. Since that moment, Yemenis lose their sons and their army that was distributed between individuals.
Q: What the forthcoming stages carry for us?
A: The forthcoming stage is partnership, cooperation, re-construction, loyalty to homeland and establishing a state.
Q: What about foreign interference, is its effect still exist until today?
A: Many countries in the past did not want our unity but today every country has become occupied by its affairs and has its local concerns. This provides successful opportunities to Yemenis to re-united and implement the NDC's outcomes to establish the modern civil state based on social justice.
Q: Committees for drafting the constitution have been formed, especially before announcing the Unity and we still talk about a constitution does not fulfill aspirations?
A: I hope political forces understand that we have committed many mistakes regarding the things touching unity and there was constitution vacuum a thing we do not want it to repeat. I am one of those who fear weak implementation of the NDC's outcomes and the process of the Constitution Drafting Committee. As the NDC has been done and decisions have been taken for the interest of Yemen, these achievements must not end with procrastination to implement the outcomes and drafting the constitution and accomplishing it. As it happened during Saleh's rule, I fear that there are people did not understood the lesson and did not accomplish a constitution fulfill aspirations. Yemenis have approved that they are forces with eyes on the future.
Q: What Nasserites did to reach the 22 of May?
A: We have been united in the north and the south since the establishment of the Unionist Nasserite Party in 1965 when there was only one Nasserite party played big role in bringing views closer and easing fears of others. Our work comes within our convictions to become one Arab nation. Despite the adoption of federalism, we accepted it bitterly.
Q: Does this mean that you are still cling to "One Arab Nation principle?"
A: If European countries have been able to be united despite cultural and intellectual differences, it is easier to us to do so because we have one identity and joint history. The future is in our unity, we Arabs are not utilizing our wealth, which is under the control of others and our capabilities go to other places despite our needs and the reason is our division.
Q: What you say could fit pure political unity with ignorance to the economic situation that stands as a barrier; do you have a vision on this regard?
A: We have an economic vision in our political program showing that we are improving our political program and this helps in improving the economic field. Simply, our vision looks for an important thing that is economic integration between members. Some are talking much about things but they do not have labors and turn to bring them from other countries and the benefit goes away while the economic gap increases between neighbors.
Q: Who can unite with you and share you in your complicated problems?
A: We do not have problems. Our problem is that others do not want to leave us and are creating an environment to the imported problems.
Q: The tribe is not imported, for example, do we want to export it via wider unity to those who get rid of it?
A: I think the tribe has two sides; one positive and another negative and there are who want to stay in the negative side, the forces who do not want to establish a school but taking the money of building the school. They are the same forces which want to keep the tribe in negative situation and do not provide any kind of development.