[21/March/2004] At the condlusion of Sana’a Inter-governmental regional conference on Democracy, Human Rights and the Role of International Criminal Court held in Sana’a from January 11- 12 , 2004.The Conference which co-organized by Yemeni government , EU and No Peace Without Justice organization came out with the following declaration:
a)Democracy and human rights which have their origins in faith and culture are interdependent and inseparable.
b)Cultural and religious diversity is at the core of universally recognized human rights, which should be over-served in a spirit of understanding in the application of democratic and human rights principles , this diversity shouldn’t be a source of confrontation or clashes but should be a source of dialogue and building bridges of understanding between religions and cultures.
c)Democratic system protect the rights and interests of everybody without discrimination especially the rights and interests of disadvantage and vulnerable groups.
d)Democracy is achieved not only through instructions and laws but also through the actual practice of democratic principles which should be measured by the degree to these principles, norms, standards and values are actually implemented and the extent to which they advance the realization of human rights.
e)The basic of democratic systems is reflected in periodically elected legislatures, respecting the citizens in a fair way and ensuring their full participation , on executive bodies responsible and committed to principles of good governance and on an independent judiciary that guarantees fair trail rights and protect the rights and freedom of the people, these principles are the guarantors of good governance , which ensures the protection of human rights.
f)Efforts to ensure a forum for discussion and dialogue must be encouraged in order to exchange ideas , experience and to promote political participation and democratic development among participating countries.
g)The practice of democracy and human rights and enhancing its understanding require overcoming potential threats to the form and substance of democracy, including foreign occupation , imbalances in the international justice system, the concentration and abuse of power ,ineffective and unaccountable civil service ,poverty, inadequate education, corruption, crimes under international law and discrimination.
h)The effective application of the role of law is vital to protect democracy and human rights and is the foundation for judicial independence and the application of the separation of powers.
i)A free and independence media is essential for the promotion and protection of democracy and human rights. Pluralism in the media and its privatization is vital for contributing to the dissemination of human rights information , facilitating informed public participation, promoting tolerance and contributing to governmental accountability. The media should contribute effectively and responsibly towards the strengthening of democracy and human rights knowledge.
j)Proper democratic governance and respect for human rights require a freely functioning, well organized , vibrant and responsible civil society and a legal framework within which civil society can operate in a spirit of partnership and participation. Civil society should play its role responsibly within the framework of law and the principle of human rights and democracy.
k)The private sector is vital partner in the strengthening of foundation of democracy and human rights: it has responsibility to work with governments and civil society to enhance progress.
The developments in international relations and the increasing international interests in issues of human rights and the rule of law and the serious efforts to stop violations of international law require strong international judicial institutions to prosecute those who commit crimes under international law, in full respect for the fundamental fair trail guarantees and the rights of the accused. The participants therefore agree to:
1)work seriously in order to fulfill the above interested principles
2)strengthen and protect human rights, including people’s fundamental rights to express their views and adhere to their religious beliefs and ethnic identity.
3)Occupation is contrary to international law and basic human rights, there should be an end to occupation of Arab territories and all holy Islamic and Christian sites as well as violation of human rights, in particular in Palestine and ensuring the civil and political rights of Palestinian people, including the right of self determination and their right of return according to the international resolutions.
4)Empowering the role of women and their participation, protecting women from all forms of exploitation and any reduction of women’s rights.
5)The establishment of an independence and fair judiciary and the separation of powers.
6)Ensure equality before the law, equal protection under the law and fundamental fair trail.
7)Supports efforts towards sustainable development , which is necessary for the building and strengthening democracy, including democratic institutions within the state, and promoting and protecting human rights.
8)Strengthening the role of international judiciary institutions , as an important element towards promoting respect for international law and human rights law, including the International Criminal Court.
9) Strengthen democracy and pluralism and the establishment of elected legislative bodies to represent popular will and assuring the fair representation of all sectors of society.
10)Work towards future modalities of democratic consultation and cooperation among themselves, including civil society, and the establishment of an Arab Democratic Dialogue Forum as an instrument for the promotion of dialogue between diverse actors, for the strengthening of democracy and human rights and public freedoms ,especially the freedom of opinion and expression , and strengthening the partnership between public authorities and civil society.