[08/January/2004] The total number of the civil society organizations in Yemen reached to (3200) of Associations , Foundations , Syndicates and political parties in 2001.
The Civil Society Organizations (NGOs) undertake a substantial roles in the development drive in all walks of life .
Before of the unity in 1990 Yemen used to ban most forms of civil society organizations except the Cooperative Associations in the northern part of the country.
The republic of Yemen has adopted the democracy that is based on pluralism , press freedom , economical liberty and human rights , therefore Yemeni society went on establishment the various forms of(NGOs ) in a bid to participate in the process of development and decision making.
Hence , around (46) of the political parties appeared over the early years of the Unity and the civil society organizations have widely increased in all fields.
The civil society organizations have been actively sharing in supporting the poor segment of the society.They actually share with 17.40 % of the poor families income in Yemen according to the field studies.
These organizations usually help poor individuals and families to get small loans , starting small projects and providing some of them with monthly assistance of money.
The human being development report points out to an active role of the civil society organizations in the field of health where they help in building the health care centers in the rural regions , operating a number of clinics and centers and providing health centers and public hospitals with some medicines and medical equipments.
Environment & (NGOs ):
There are around (185) organizations which are concerned in the environmental issues. These organizations can be divided into three categories :
1- Organizations which are operating in the field of environment’s protection .
2- Organizations are concerned in maintaining the environmental diversity .
3- Organizations are concerned in maintaining the environment .
Human Rights & ( NGOs ):
There are about 36 organizations are operating in the field of human rights . These organizations concentrate their activities on the following areas:
1- Monitoring the government authorities abide by the human rights principles .
2- Spot the violations of human rights.
3- Uplift the citizens awareness of their rights which are guaranteed by domestic and international laws.
NGOs & Political activity :
The Republic of Yemen has adopted the policy of pluralism in 1990, so the country witnessed a vogue of establishing the political parties ever since the time.
There were around (46) of political parties constituted in Yemen ,however, 22 out of them took part in the first parliamentarian elections in 1993, and merely (8) parties were represented in the parliament at that time whereas in the newly parliament 2003, there are only (5) parties are being represented .
The most prominent political parties which are operating actively at the present are:
1-The People General Congress( the ruling party).
2-The Yemeni Congregation for Reform( the main opposition party ).
3-The Yemeni Socialist party .
4-The Nasserate Union Party.
5-The Arab Ba’ath Socialist party.
The State’s relationship with civil society:
The relationship between the state and civil society is regulated by the law of civil Associations no (1) for the year 2001, in addition to the law of the political parties and organizations no (66) for the year 1991, which regulate the organizational and associative activities in Yemen .
This law stipulates that political parties shouldn’t be in contrast with the religion and shouldn’t adopt any form of the political system which used to be dominant before the Yemeni revolution such as the Imamates or sultanates systems.
The law bans using the mosques , educational institutions and governmental circles for political propaganda in favor of any party.
Law also prevents parties to make the membership confined to specific region , family or social class.
It is forbidden for any political party to receive finance , presents and any kind of support from individuals or institutions unless they are Yemenis.
The government provides the political parties with financial support. 25 % of the financial support distributed equally to the political parties which are represented in the parliament and 75 % distributed according to their portions of the electors votes that gained in the elections.