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  Local
President al-Mashat: New invaders' ambitions will never be realized in Yemen
[21 May 2018]
Ministry of Civil Service: Tuesday, May 22, official holiday
[21 May 2018]
PM discusses service projects in capital Sanaa
[20 May 2018]
PM discusses service projects in capital Sanaa
[20 May 2018]
Health Minister meets UNICEF representative
[20 May 2018]
 
  Saudi Aggression War against Yemen
Top military commander killed in Jawf
[22 May 2018]
Army spokesman: Military operation against coalition militias in western coast continues
[22 May 2018]
Artillery shelling targets mercenariesí gatherings in Hajjah
[21 May 2018]
Army repels mercenariesí infiltration in Najran
[21 May 2018]
Aggression warplanes launch 9 strikes on Hajjah
[21 May 2018]
 
  Reports
Report: Army carries out military offensives targeting Saudi troops over 24 hours
[21 May 2018]
Report :Army carries out offensives on Saudi troop in front lines over 24 hours
[20 May 2018]
Report: Saudi-led aggression launches 10 airstrikes, ground attacks on Sanaa, Saada over 24 hours
[20 May 2018]
Report: Saudi aggression continues targeting Saada, Hajjah over 24 hours
[19 May 2018]
Report: Yemen army, committees kills dozens of coalition troop over 24 hours
[19 May 2018]
 
  International
FM condoles his Cuban counterpart in air plane crash
[20 May 2018]
Fierce new coalition offensive displaces tens of thousands of Yemeni civilians from Hodeidah: Amnesty
[18 May 2018]
President congratulates Arab, Islamic nations for Ramadan
[16 May 2018]
Ministry of Expatriate Affairs condemns US embassy relocation to Al-Quds
[15 May 2018]
Ansar Allah Political Bureau condemns transfer of the US Embassy to Jerusalem
[14 May 2018]
  About Yemen
sight of old city of Sana\'a
Sana’a, Yemen
[06/July/2003] Conservation of the Old Walled City of Sana'a Republic of Yemen
T. Luke Young
"Viewed for the first time the old walled city of Sana'a creates an unforgettable impression, a vision of a childhood dream world of fantasy castles."1

- INTRODUCTION
Sana'a has been continuously inhabited for over 2,500 years. Its religious and cultural heritage is reflected in its 106 mosques, 12 hammams (bath houses) and 6,500 houses built before the 11th century.

The city's architecture has been damaged, demolished and rebuilt through flooding, wars and prosperity. Yet, it wasn't until the modernization in the 1970s that the city's architectural fabric was truly in danger of disappearing.

In the early 1980s, at the request of the Yemeni government, UNESCO launched an international campaign to conserve the city, which has been lauded world wide as a success. After considerable preservation and rehabilitation efforts, the city was designated as an UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1988 and given an Aga Khan Award for Architecture in 1995.

While conservation efforts have been successful, little has been written to analyze the impact of the resulting tourism and development.

Sana'a is one of the most ancient surviving cities in Arabia and arguably the longest continually inhabited city in the world. By the first century BC Sana'a emerged as a center of the inland trade route. After the withdrawal of the Turks in 1630, Sana'a became the seat of an independent Imam. This ushered in a period of prosperity for the city, which lasted for nearly two centuries and can still be seen in the quality and quantity of buildings from that time. Most of the domestic architecture still standing in the city dates from this period and later, while the extant mosques reach back well over one thousand years and fragments of towers are as old as four centuries before the rise of Islam.

-- THE PROJECT
-Traditional Buildings
Sana'a's architectural vocabulary was already well formed by the tenth century when Ibn Rustah wrote that most of the houses "are adorned with gypsum, baked bricks, and symmetrical stones."

The architectural heritage of Sana'a consists of multi-story buildings decorated with geometric shapes and horizontal bands rendered in gypsum, narrow streets, urban gardens, elegant minarets and imposing monuments .

The streets of the city are flanked by towering houses five to nine stories high. The houses are constructed of ashlar stonework from six to ten meters above street level where exposed brickwork then takes over.

In Sana'a the space between buildings is just wide enough for pedestrians and mule-drawn carts.

Timber is in short supply since trees are relatively rare and small and so the traditional architecture of Sana'a relies on stone and clay bricks decorated with gypsum plaster. Symmetrical balance is clearly a desirable characteristic in the houses of Sana'a and facades have strong ingredients of conventional formality.

- Impacts of Modernization
Sana'a has been an important center in southwestern Arabia for nearly 2000 years. Until the end of the Yemeni civil war in 1969 the city was closed to outsiders for two centuries, its unique multi-story buildings protected behind mud walls.

A traditional way of life was preserved in a society that values looking after poor people and old animals.
The city, though in need of maintenance, was clean and sanitary.
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UPDATED ON : Tue, 22 May 2018 03:30:04 +0300