Yemen News Agency (SABA)
Home      Local   International   Saudi Aggression War against Yemen   About Yemen   Civil Society   Economy   About Saba  
Search | Advance Search
 
  Local
PM and FM discuss ongoing local and regional developments
[13 December 2017]
President, FM reviews national, international developments
[10 December 2017]
President meets sheikhs, dignitaries of Mahweet province
[10 December 2017]
President, PM discuss current situation on national scene
[09 December 2017]
President meets Finance Minister, Sana'a Governor
[26 November 2017]
 
  Saudi Aggression War against Yemen
6 Saudi-paid mercenaries gunned down
[13 December 2017]
1st LD: 92 prisoners killed, injured in fresh US-Saudi airstrikes on Sanaa
[13 December 2017]
Urgent: 92 prisoners killed, injured in fresh US-Saudi airstrikes on Sanaa
[13 December 2017]
Aggression wages raids on Serwah, Mareb
[12 December 2017]
Aggression wages nine raids on Sana'a
[12 December 2017]
 
  Reports
Feature: Untold story on Yemen's tourism, green, peaceful city, safe home for all IDPs
[12 November 2017]
Report: 49 Yemeni civilians killed in 212 Saudi aggression airstrikes in six days
[05 April 2017]
Roundup: 1107 Saudi airstrikes kill 135 Yemeni civilians in March
[29 March 2017]
Roundup: Saudi kills 15 Yemeni civilians in 112 airstrikes on Yemen in 3 days
[25 March 2017]
Report: Saudi kills 68 in 301 airstrikes on Yemen in 7 days
[23 March 2017]
 
  International
Yemen strongly condemns terrorist attack in Egypt
[25 November 2017]
President al-Sammad sends condolences to Sisi over deadly attack on Egypt mosque
[25 November 2017]
FM meets WFP official
[03 October 2017]
FM meets Russian charge d'affaires
[03 October 2017]
Yemen strongly condemns Las Vegas terrorist attack
[03 October 2017]
  About Yemen
sight of old city of Sana\'a
Sana’a, Yemen
[06/July/2003] Conservation of the Old Walled City of Sana'a Republic of Yemen
T. Luke Young
"Viewed for the first time the old walled city of Sana'a creates an unforgettable impression, a vision of a childhood dream world of fantasy castles."1

- INTRODUCTION
Sana'a has been continuously inhabited for over 2,500 years. Its religious and cultural heritage is reflected in its 106 mosques, 12 hammams (bath houses) and 6,500 houses built before the 11th century.

The city's architecture has been damaged, demolished and rebuilt through flooding, wars and prosperity. Yet, it wasn't until the modernization in the 1970s that the city's architectural fabric was truly in danger of disappearing.

In the early 1980s, at the request of the Yemeni government, UNESCO launched an international campaign to conserve the city, which has been lauded world wide as a success. After considerable preservation and rehabilitation efforts, the city was designated as an UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1988 and given an Aga Khan Award for Architecture in 1995.

While conservation efforts have been successful, little has been written to analyze the impact of the resulting tourism and development.

Sana'a is one of the most ancient surviving cities in Arabia and arguably the longest continually inhabited city in the world. By the first century BC Sana'a emerged as a center of the inland trade route. After the withdrawal of the Turks in 1630, Sana'a became the seat of an independent Imam. This ushered in a period of prosperity for the city, which lasted for nearly two centuries and can still be seen in the quality and quantity of buildings from that time. Most of the domestic architecture still standing in the city dates from this period and later, while the extant mosques reach back well over one thousand years and fragments of towers are as old as four centuries before the rise of Islam.

-- THE PROJECT
-Traditional Buildings
Sana'a's architectural vocabulary was already well formed by the tenth century when Ibn Rustah wrote that most of the houses "are adorned with gypsum, baked bricks, and symmetrical stones."

The architectural heritage of Sana'a consists of multi-story buildings decorated with geometric shapes and horizontal bands rendered in gypsum, narrow streets, urban gardens, elegant minarets and imposing monuments .

The streets of the city are flanked by towering houses five to nine stories high. The houses are constructed of ashlar stonework from six to ten meters above street level where exposed brickwork then takes over.

In Sana'a the space between buildings is just wide enough for pedestrians and mule-drawn carts.

Timber is in short supply since trees are relatively rare and small and so the traditional architecture of Sana'a relies on stone and clay bricks decorated with gypsum plaster. Symmetrical balance is clearly a desirable characteristic in the houses of Sana'a and facades have strong ingredients of conventional formality.

- Impacts of Modernization
Sana'a has been an important center in southwestern Arabia for nearly 2000 years. Until the end of the Yemeni civil war in 1969 the city was closed to outsiders for two centuries, its unique multi-story buildings protected behind mud walls.

A traditional way of life was preserved in a society that values looking after poor people and old animals.
The city, though in need of maintenance, was clean and sanitary.
Sabanet
...
  more of (About Yemen)
UPDATED ON : Wed, 13 Dec 2017 12:10:12 +0300