[03/June/2003] The Population of the Republic of Yemen reached up to( 15. 804, 654 ) people according to the latest general statistic of the population which took place in 1994 , but statistical estimations are predicting that Yemen’s population at the present have exceeded (19.500,000) people .
The Yemenis who are out of the homeland form around 4.7 % of this total number .
The population’s growth has come up to the rate of 3.5 % and this is one of the highest average in the world , even though , it has reduced from 3.7 % over the recent years as a result of the government’s efforts in the field of family organizing and raising the populous awareness .
In case that , the population growth has continued with the current average , Yemen’s population would increase to reach up to around 43 million people by the end of 2025 . Males and females are approximately equals in the gross of population .
People distribution varies from one governorate to anther and around 24 % are living in the main cities .
The populous movement plays an active role in re-distributing the population to the different regions where the capital Sana’a has absorbed two thirds of the net domestic emigration while the governorate of Hodiedah shares in absorbing 16 % and the governorate of Aden in 14 % of the net domestic emigration .
The youth segment is the largest in the structure of population in Yemen since the children’s segment ( 0-14 years ) reach up to 47.1 % of Yemen’s total population in 2000 , adding to that the segment of the old people comes up to 3,7 % , thereupon , the sponsored segment makes up more than 50 % of the population so that the rate of sustenance in Yemen is one of the highest average according to the international standards as it reaches to 106 % .
Illiteracy is widely prevailing in the country particularly amongst females where its average reached to 47.2 % in 2000 of this percentage 27.7 % for males and 67.5 % for females . Around 55 % of illiteracy spreads among the rural population especially among females where its rate reaches to 78.2 % against 38.5 % for males , meanwhile in the urban areas the illiteracy comes up to 27.3 % . Around 15.3 % for males and 39.9 % for females .
The above figures clearly display the wide gap in one of the humanitarian development indicators between the urban and rural regions as well as between males and females . The development efforts is seemed to be in the favor of males and urban regions .
It is obviously that the average of the segment aged which is under 15 years makes up more than a half of the population as a result of the higher average of the fertility .There are approximately 8 million and 600.ooo , of children ,of course this huge figures represent a subtle populous and economical problem . Concerning to the populous issue that means most of these children after 10 years will be within the segment aged (15-65 ) who are biological and physiological competent to work and to fertilize and that will give rise to increasing the average of the population’s growth and increasing in the labor force.
Economically, the segment of children is unproductive and depends on the productive segment in affording the life’s needs .
Socially , this segment is more vulnerable for poverty and its sever effects . Furthermore , the aged segment which is in the age of the work (15-65) and makes up 44.4 % of the population isn’t a wholly productive employment .
As the gross of the labor force doesn’t exceed 2.6 million people according to the World Bank’s data and 3.6 million according to the labor force survey and that is namely equals 21 % of the total population .
Hence , the average of economical sustenance in Yemen is about 470 % that means each person who is activist economically he provides the sustenance of approximately 4.7 individuals of the society in addition to himself and that is of the highest rates in the world .
This higher provision represents a main factor for the poverty in the light of the lower incomes which its average doesn’t exceed 380 US per capita annually.
Sabanet,National Center of Information