[24/August/2009] By: Faez al-Makhrafi
Translated by: Mahmoud Assamiee
SANA'A, August 24 (Saba)-Jawf needs 48 physicians, say officials, but there is only four and what is odd is that the whole governorate lacks ambulance.
" Jawf is the worst governorate in terms of health and more than 500, 000 people are in bad need of health services," said Director of Health Office Hussein al-Ghanimi. "Even existing health facilities are mostly closed or opened formally with deteriorated services."
He affirmed the most dangerous thing is that the absence of basic health services which makes epidemics, if there, are fatal.
"Local authority does not perform its role to vitalize health activities and censorship on health cadre and the ongoing work besides the administrative leaderships in the governorate have not meet to pass a plan," said al-Ghanimi, who was appointed recently.
Concerning al-Ham Hospital, the sole public hospital in the governorate, he said " what makes the problem complicated is absence of health cadre and equipments no one in al-Jawf knows how to operate them." He demanded providing the hospital with specialized cadre to operate health facilities and making use of medical equipments before they become expired.
Over bringing cadre from out of the governorate, he said absence of basic services hinders the employee to perform his work. While the governor says hundreds of health employees in Jawf do not hold degrees so that jobs in health or other fields have changed to social insurance, adding there are 20 health facilities are closed because of problems between tribes or favoritism and accommodation.
Expelling employees' governorate
Many job applicants come to Jawf, but because the governorate lacks basic services the governorate expels them out. There are no hotels, apartments and restaurants. Those who get job in the governorate leave it a year after being appointed or at the same year to other governorates. This encouraged officials, dignitaries and Sheikhs to play with jobs and selling them, ignoring the university graduates and the governorate's needs of employees.
" You will find difficulty to get clean water to drink and there is nothing to eat so that we bring with us food for a whole week," said an employee at the Yemeni Central Bank's Jawf branch whose family lives in Sana'a.
He points out if any institution wants to punish an employee; it sends him from the center in Sana'a to a branch in Jawf.
Although reports on functional performance's rates during the past years indicate the governorate's is the lowest among others, Director of Civil Service Office in Jawf says there is improvement in the office's performance and there is no more job's selling. He affirmed that 60 persons from the Jawf, except five have been employed this year.
Jawf from food basket to basket of concerns
A study made by Dutch mission affirms that if Jawf is cultivated, its production will cover 40 million persons, a finding affirmed by Jawf Deputy Governor Mansour Bin Abdan. He sees that the governorate needs reconsideration saying " poverty and unemployment is the greatest danger threatening the citizens."
He says if there are strategic projects, they will provide work opportunities help absorbing unemployment and reduce poverty and that Jawf is rich in natural resources and is considered the second governorate in terms of water reserve. There are more than 43 historical sites, besides ground resources; gas, oil, minerals and marble.
" Jawf 's citizens are not aware of the agricultural lands in their hands," said Parliament Speaker Yahya Arrae'i. " If they grow these lands, they will find great work opportunities. The governorate's production of wheat for 2007 did not exceed 6,000 sacks ( 50 kilo grams for each) while the production for 2008 increased to 53 sacks."
He said there are directives from the president to the government to buy wheat from Jawf's farmers "if Jawf is cultivated, it will be Yemen's food basket."
Director of Jawf Branch Cooperative Agricultural Accredit Bank Dirhim Atef says "absence of security and stability in the Governorate and interference of local authority hinders the bank's activity."
"Deposits in the bank have reached YER 116 million and within a short period, the bank paid 423 million for the cost of grains and provided 216 million as agricultural loans includes pumps and equipment," he added.
The bank, he said, has provided more than 160 pumps, 76 tractors and four giant harvesters besides 892 million as loans.
Gap between resources and capabilities
The governorate is described by local council coordinator, Yahya al-Kaina'i as a basket of concerns and challenges impose on it to work on speeding up development in the governorate. He referred development deterioration to several factors "complicated tribal component reflected negatively on political, economic, social and cultural work."
He added Jawf is completely different than other governorates in respect of incomplete regulative and structural system on governorate level, even that some local councils are out of electoral system, a matter that hindered service work in it.
He affirmed that development performance still weak as "basic service sector, infrastructure projects and efforts of financial and administrative reforms still facing obstacle before development in the governorate."
He indicates that there is gab between resources and capabilities, saying that operating service facilities will work on providing them with graduates which will make Jawf "sailing towards development".
Jawf citizens and absence of development
Deputy Governor of Jawf Nayef al-Awaj sees the governorate's problem is development. "Awareness among Jawf's citizens is deteriorating because of social condition, tribal component and partisan reflections."
He indicated that the governorate is a victim of media distortion. He says some problems in the governorate need solutions from higher bodies not to be solved by governorate." These solutions needs more time. If they are delayed, these problems are complicated and enlarge and anyone in Jawf sees what another does not."
Deputy governor of Jawf Khaled Hadhban says" Jawf has been deprived from the revolution's interests but we hope oil and resources be explored as the case in Mareb."
Member of local council in the governorate Mohammad al- Ma'alem says " Jawf is 47 years back and needs strong political will to promote its development."
While another member, Ahmad Marei says:" the political leadership does not look at Jawf as it looks to others. It treats it as a district in Sana'a or Taiz."
Colonel Mohammad Abu-Esba'a says "lack of qualified administrative cadre is the greatest problem, besides Jawf is in need of the country's care to support it as initial governorate, as this is the case, it must be supported with infrastructure projects; roads, hospitals, schools, electricity and telecommunication to transform it into a modern."
He demanded the president to look at Jawf as he looks at other governorates and to direct support strategic projects like roads, hospitals and electricity.
While citizen Mohammad Abu Esba'a says that absence of security and stability in the governorate was the cause behind the development's delay. " The distinction between Mareb and Jawf is that the first has developed because of oil facilities there and the government attention to them," he said.
" Jawf's infrastructure is hindered and several governors have ruled the governorate consecutively ( in a short period) and the lack of qualified cadres in local council is the most prominent hindering the development. Thus the problem in Jawf is administrative and security one," he said.
"The government's annual allocations to Jawf is YR 200-300 million, which are not enough to cover the commitments to contractors, so that many projects are hindered in Jawf and some others are still waiting to be implemented since establishing the first local council in 2006.
He considers scarcity of funds allocation, ignorance, unawareness, financial and administrative corruption and bad education outcomes are reasons behind development's delay in the governorate.
Over vengeances and highway robberies, he says they are the results of ignorance and some interested people utilize these things. " Hamdan and Shoulan is renewable with tens of victims there. Vengeance issues are the most complicated ones in Jawf," he said.
"Despite attending school, secondary school graduates are like illiterate people as some get secondary or even university certificate without study," he said.
He affirmed that all schools and service offices are closed in Azahir district because of security dysfunctions.
While head of Yemeni Development and Social Peace Organization in Jawf Ali al-Aggi says " Ignorance, deteriorated education, poverty and the lack of development projects in Jawf are reasons leading to youth and also some sheikh's deviance with extremist groups like al-Qaeda or Houthis."
Hence Director of Jawf Security General Abdo Rabo al-Hulisi affirmed that development in Jawf is realized only when citizen feels that development is beneficial to him both privately and publicly and when he feels his responsibility in enforcing security and stability for there is no development or investment without security.