[16/July/2007] Yemeni Revolution & Civil Society Organizations
SANA`A, (Saba)- Yemeni people had been introduced to the non governmental and civil society organizations in the first half of the 20th century. In the city of Aden, which was under the British colony, several organizations were established such as associations, sports clubs and syndicates.
The Yemeni revolution on 26 of September 1962 and 14 of October 1963 was an imperative event to change the miserable conditions which had come to the pretty pass at the time.
The revolution aimed at building the state of institutions and civil society organizations as an ideal option for bringing about the comprehensive development in the country.Yemen has been embarking on the process of modernizing the state’s institutions and building civil society since the early days of the revolution. The modernization campaign can be summarized as follow:
In the 70s of the past century, in the northern part of the country, Yemenis had witnessed the experiment of the developing cooperative committees. That experience had proved to be a successful mechanism as it had managed to get the citizens involved in the development drive for the first time in Yemen.
During the years 1975-1985 the developing cooperative committees had played a substantial role in building several developmental projects such as schools, health centers and road all over the regions in the north of the country.
They had also actively participated in encouraging females learning particularly in the rural areas.Ever since the country re-unification in may 1990, the government has been going on establishing the state of institutions and civic society.
Civil society organizations have been increasing rapidly. The total number of the Associations , Foundations , Syndicates and political parties reached to (3200)in 2001.
The republic of Yemen has ebraced democracy that is based on pluralism , press freedom , economical liberty and human rights. Thereby, around (46) of the political parties appeared over the early years of the Unity and the civil society organizations have widely increased in all fields.
The civil society organizations have been actively sharing in supporting the poor segment of the society. They actually share with 17.40 % of the poor families income in Yemen according to the field studies. ore Yemeni society went on establishment the various forms of(NGOs ) in a bid to participate in the process of development and decision making.
Environment & (NGOs ).
There are around (185) organizations which are concerned in the environmental issues. These organizations can be divided into three categories :
1- Organizations which are operating in the field of environment’s protection .
2- Organizations are concerned in maintaining the environmental diversity .
3- Organizations are concerned in maintaining the environment .
Human Rights & ( NGOs ).
There are about 36 organizations are operating in the field of human rights . These organizations are concentrating their activities on the following areas:
1- Monitoring the government authorities abide by the human rights principles .
2- Spot the violations of human rights.
3- Uplift the citizens awareness of their rights which are guaranteed by domestic and international laws.
NGOs & Political activity.
The Republic of Yemen has adopted the policy of pluralism in 1990, so the country witnessed a vogue of establishing the political parties ever since the time.
There were around (46) of political parties constituted in Yemen ,however, 22 out of them took part in the first parliamentarian elections in 1993, and merely (8) parties were represented in the parliament at that time whereas in the newly parliament 2003, there are only (5) parties are being represented .
The most prominent political parties which are operating actively at the present are:
1-The People General Congress( the ruling party).
2-The Yemeni Congregation for Reform( the main opposition party ).
3-The Yemeni Socialist party .
4-The Nasserate Union Party.
5-The Arab Ba’ath Socialist party.